Suzuki Burgman 400 - Service manual > Precautions

Engine Cooling System Warning


General Description

Cooling System Description

The engine is cooled by the forced circulation of engine coolant, using a high-capacity, centrifugal water pump, through water jackets formed in the cylinder and cylinder head, and through the radiator. The tube-and-fin type radiator is made of aluminum, which is characterized by lightness in weight and good heat dissipation.

A wax-pellet type thermostat is used to regulate the flow of engine coolant through the radiator. As the coolant temperature rises to about 88 ºC (190 ºF) the thermostat valve unseats and a normal coolant flow is established.

At about 100 ºC (212 ºF) the thermostat becomes completely open and, as a result, heat is released to the atmosphere through the radiator core.

Engine Coolant Description

At the time of manufacture, the cooling system is filled with a 50:50 mixture of distilled water and ethylene glycol anti-freeze. This 50:50 mixture will provide the optimum corrosion protection and excellent heat protection, and will protect the cooling system from freezing at temperatures above -31 ºC (-24 ºF).

If the vehicle is to be exposed to temperatures below - 31 ºC (-24 ºF), this mixing ratio should be increased up to 55% or 60% according to the figure.

Anti-freeze Proportioning Chart

Engine Cooling System


50% Engine coolant including reserve tank capacity

Engine Coolant Capacity

Engine Cooling System

Fig. 1: Engine coolant density-freezing point curve

Engine Cooling System

Fig. 2: Engine coolant density-boiling point curve

Engine Cooling System

Cooling Fan Thermo-Switch Description

The cooling fan is secured behind the radiator by three bolts and is automatically controlled by the thermo-switch. The thermo-switch remains open when the temperature of the engine coolant is low, but closes when the temperature reaches approximately 98 ºC (208 ºF) setting the cooling fan in motion.

Engine Cooling System

Bl: Blue
R: Red
O: Orange
O/Y: Orange with Yellow tracer
B/W: Black with White tracer

Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor Description

The following circuit diagram shows the electrical wiring for the thermometer. The major components are ECT sensor in contact with coolant, and engine coolant temperature meter.

Engine Cooling System

Dg: Dark green
O: Orange
R: Red
B/Br: Black with Brown tracer
B/G: Black with Green tracer
O/B: Orange with Black tracer
O/G: Orange with Green tracer
O/W: Orange with White tracer
P/W: Pink with White tracer

Schematic and Routing Diagram

Cooling Circuit Diagram

Engine Cooling System

Oil cooler (1) is located inside the crankcase.

The engine oil is cooled by engine coolant, which is circulated through inside core of oil cooler.

Engine Cooling System

Radiator Hose Routing Diagram

Engine Cooling System

  1. Reservoir tank inlet hose
  2. Conduction hose
  3. Reservoir tank overflow hose
  4. Radiator inlet hose
  5. Radiator outlet hose
  6. Thermostat
  7. Water by-pass hose
  8. Reservoir tank
  9. Cooling fan thermo-switch
  1. Yellow making
  2. White marking
  3. Pink marking
  4. The clamp end should face to engine side.
  5. The clamp end should face forward.
  6. The clamp end should face downward.
  7. The clamp end should face to left side.

Component Location

Engine Cooling System Components Location

Refer to "Electrical Components Location".

Diagnostic Information and Procedures

Engine Cooling Symptom Diagnosis

Engine Cooling System

See also:

 Suzuki Burgman 400 - Service manual > Engine Cooling System

 Suzuki Burgman 400 - Service manual > Cooling Circuit, Radiator

Cooling Circuit Inspection ! WARNING Do not open the radiator cap when the engine is hot, as you may be injured by escaping hot liquid or vapor. When removing the radiator cap tester, put a rag on the filler to prevent the engine coolant from spraying out.

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